articlestransparent600#12bece Politics-Social Affairs-International AffairsAuthors-Writers-JournalistsFilmMusicArtOther Articles Of Note ~ Politics-Social Affairs-International Affairs ~ Paul Kagame (president of Rwanda) Romeo Dallaire (former head of U.N. in Rwanda) Condoleezza Rice (before her position as Secretary of State) Jimmy Carter (podcast interview) Noam Chomsky (MIT professor) Edward Said (Columbia university professor) Nawal El Saadawi (Egyptian activist-author) Boutros Boutros-Ghali (former U.N. Secretary-General) Jose Maria Aznar (then-Spanish Prime Minister) John Dean (Watergate figure) George Shultz (Secretary of State under Ronald Reagan) Robert McNamara (Secretary of Defense under John F. Kennedy) John Kerry (U.S. Senator; email interview for the United Nations Development Programme) Col. Peter Mansoor (U.S. commander in Iraq war, and former advisor to Gen. David Petraeus; onstage interview at Commonwealth Club) Nabil Shaath (Palestinian foreign minister) Hanan Ashrawi (Palestinian Legislative Council) Leila Khaled (former Palestinian hijacker; interviewed in Amman, Jordan) Queen Noor of Jordan Benazir Bhutto (former Pakistan prime minister -- podcast interview) (listen to the interview with Benazir Bhutto) Jehan Sadat (widow of Egyptian president Anwar Sadat) Ehud Barak (Israel's former prime minister) Natan Sharansky (Israeli official, former Soviet dissident) Yossi Beilin (Israel's former justice minister) Mohammed Hussein Fadlallah (former spiritual leader of Hezbollah; interviewed in Beirut) Aaron David Miller (Scholar, advisor to Secretaries of State on the Middle East, author of "The Much Too Promised Land"; interviewed at the Commonwealth Club; link is to YouTube video of event) Wangari Maathai (2004 winner of Nobel Peace Prize) Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (Africa’s first elected woman president) Kavita Ramdas (Head of Global Fund for Women) Jeffrey Sachs (Columbia University economics professor) Willie Brown (San Francisco mayor) Judea Pearl (father of slain reporter Daniel Pearl) Scott Ritter (former U.N. arms inspector) Daniel Ellsberg (Pentagon Papers) Helen Caldicott (anti-nuclear activist) Kenneth Roth (executive director of Human Rights Watch) Peter Singer (bioethics professor at Princeton University) Francis Fukuyama ("End of History" professor) Shirin Ebadi (Iranian activist, Nobel Prize winner) Cindy Sheehan (peace activist) Howard Zinn (professor, "A People's History of the United States") Shibley Telhami (University of Maryland professor) - one of several pre-Iraq War articles -- see story links above with Scott Ritter and Daniel Ellsberg -- that were critical of Washington's plans for war. Judith Kipper (Center for Strategic and International Studies) Kanan Makiya (Iraqi professor at Brandeis University) Bernard Lewis (Princeton emeritus professor, author of "What Went Wrong?") Julian Bond (chairman of NAACP) Jerry Brown (California governor) Gary Hart (former U.S. Senator) Ralph Nader (activist, presidential candidate) Craig Newmark ("Craigslist" founder) Farah Pahlavi (former queen of Iran, married to the Shah) Prince Turki al-Faisal (then-Saudi Ambassador to the United States) Sediqullah Rahi (brother of former Afghan president Mohammed Najibullah; one of the first articles anywhere to profile Fremont's Afghan community) Rashid Khalidi (Columbia University professor, author of “The Iron Cage”) Marwan Muasher (Jordan’s ex-deputy prime minister; onstage interview at Commonwealth Club, recorded for fora.tv) Hamza Yusuf (Muslim scholar) Azhar Usman (stand-up comic) Dean Obeidallah (stand up comic) Sakeena Yacoobi (Afghan women's leader) Kristen Breitweiser (9/11 activist, one of the "Jersey Girls") Peter Singer (Australian moral philosopher) Thomas Schelling (Nobel laureate in Economics) Sebastiao Salgado (photographer) Giles Duley (photojournalist and activist for Syrian refugees; interviewed on-stage at the Commonwealth Club) Jerry Brown. California Air Resources Board image, Wikimedia Commons. Benazir Bhutto. Image by iFaqeer, Wikimedia Commons. Wangari Maathai with then-senator Barack Obama. Photo by Fredrick Onyango, Wikimedia Commons. Leila Khaled. Image by Sebastian Baryli, Wikimedia Commons. Jimmy Carter (left) with Anwar Sadat. National Archives and Records Administration image, Wikimedia Commons. Paul Kagame (left) with Paul Wolfowitz. Public domain image, Wikimedia Commons. ~ Authors-Writers-Journalists ~ Gore Vidal (novelist) Isabel Allende (Chilean American novelist) Orhan Pamuk (Turkish novelist) Terry Gross (NPR radio host; interviewed for a UC Berkeley Extension class about the subject of interviewing) Naguib Mahfouz (Nobel Prize for Literature in 1988; interviewed in Cairo) Irshad Manji (Toronto writer-broadcaster) Robert Fisk (Middle East correspondent) Sayed Kashua (writer, “Palestinian Seinfeld”) Jamal Dajani (senior director of Middle East programming at Link TV; onstage interview at Commonwealth Club as part of panel discussion about the prospects for a state of Palestine; recorded by FORA.tv) Ahmed Rashid (Central Asia correspondent, author of "Taliban") Hamid Mir (Pakistani journalist who met three times with Osama bin Laden; onstage interview at Commonwealth Club, recorded by FORA.tv) Houshang Asadi (Iranian author of "Letters to My Torturer") Nawar Bulbul and Ramez Alaswad (Syrian playwrights-actors) Thomas Ricks (Washington Post military correspondent, author of “Fiasco” and “The Gamble”; onstage interview at Commonwealth Club, recorded by FORA.tv) Robert Baer (former CIA agent whose memoir inspired the movie “Syriana”; onstage interview at Commonwealth Club) Ishmael Reed (novelist poet-playwright) Ha Jin (Chinese-American author) Arundhati Roy ("The God of Small Things," "An Ordinary Person's Guide to Empire") Diana Abu-Jaber (novelist, "Arabian Jazz," "Crescent") Azar Nafisi (professor, author of "Reading Lolita in Tehran") Rabih Alameddine (novelist, author of "The Hakawati") Mahmoud Darwish (poet) Naif al-Mutawa (Kuwaiti creator of “The 99” comic superheroes; written for GlobalPost) Lewis Lapham (editor of Harper's Magazine) Josef Skvorecky (Czech novelist) Martin Amis (British novelist) Studs Terkel (books include "Working") Amy Tan (author, "The Joy Luck Club") David Halberstam (author-journalist, "The Best and the Brightest") Deborah Tannen (linguist, "You Just Don't Understand: Women and Men in Conversation") Jamling Tenzing Norgay (author "The sherpa's son also rises") Tobias Schneebaum (author, "Keep the River on Your Right") F.X. Toole (author of "Rope Burns," which begat the movie "Million Dollar Baby") Robert Mankoff (New Yorker cartoon editor) John Perkins (author of “Confessions of an Economic Hit Man”; onstage interview at Commonwealth Club) Jonathan Schell (writer on nuclear arms race) Richard North Patterson (novelist; interviewed on-stage at the Commonwealth Club, filmed by C-SPAN's Book TV) Marjane Satrapi (Iranian author of “Persepolis” graphic novels) Robert Mankoff (New Yorker cartoon editor) Fran Lebowitz (author) Minna Dubin (writer-performer-artist) Simon Schama (Columbia University professor of history and art history; interviewed on-stage at the Commonwealth Club about his book and TV documentary series, The Story of the Jews) Jack Shaheen (Arab-American scholar, author of “Reel Bad Arabs”) Gore Vidal. Image by Mark Coggins, Wikimedia Commons. Isabel Allende. Image by Mutari, Wikimedia Commons Orhan Pamuk. Image by unknown photographer, Wikimedia Commons Marjane Satrapi. Image by Rama, Wikimedia Commons Studs Terkel. Image from Wikimedia Commons ~ Film ~ (Click here to read reviews of such movies as “Bowling for Columbine,” “Machuca,” “Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room,” “Crimson Gold,” “Rabbit-Proof Fence,” “Saving Marriage” and “Waltz With Bashir”) Michael Moore ("Fahrenheit 9/11") Omar Sharif (actor best known for "Lawrence of Arabia") Shohreh Aghdashloo (Oscar-nominated actress from "House of Sand and Fog") Mira Sorvino (actress) Jackie Chan (actor) Warren Beatty (actor) Steve Martin (writer-actor) Ben Kingsley (actor) Jennifer Aniston (actress) Chris Nolan (director, "Memento," "Insomnia") Sherman Alexie (director-author, "The Business of Fancydancing") Mira Nair (filmmaker, "Monsoon Wedding,", "Salaam Bombay") Gurinder Chadha (filmmaker, "Bend It Like Bekham") Shekhar Kapur (director-India, "Bandit Queen") Chen Kaige (filmmaker-China, "Farwewell My Concubine") John Woo (director, "Face/Off," "Broken Arrow") Zhang Yimou (filmmaker-China, "Raise the Red Lantern," "Ju Dou") Amos Gitai (Israeli filmmaker, "Kedma," "Kadosh") Eytan Fox (Israeli filmmaker, "Walk on Water," "Yossi & Jagger") Nir Bergman (Israeli filmmaker, "Broken Wings") Yoav Shamir (Israeli documentarian, "Defamation") Yisrael Campbell (Israeli stand-up comic, subject of documentary “Circumcise Me”) Walter Salles (Brazilian filmmaker, "Central Station," "The Motorcycle Diaries") Jehane Noujaim (documentarian, "Control Room") Volker Schlondorff (German director, "Circle of Deceit," "The Tin Drum") Sandra Nettelbeck (German director, "Mostly Martha") Siddiq Barmak (Afghan director, "Osama") Cheick Oumar Sissoko (Malian filmmaker, "Guimba") Gillo Pontecorvo (Italian filmmaker, "Battle of Algiers") Sylvain Chomet (French filmmaker, "The Triplets of Belleville") Fabian Bielinsky (Argentine filmmaker, "Nine Queens") Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu (Mexican director, "Amores Perros") Niki Caro (New Zealand filmmaker, "The Whale Rider") Takeshi Kitano (Japanese director) Majid Majidi (Iranian director, "The Color of Paradise," "Children of Heaven") Elia Suleiman (Israeli-Palestinian filmmaker, "Divine Intervention") Bahman Ghobadi (Iranian director, "Marooned in Iraq") Babak Payami (Iranian director, "Secret Ballot") Mohsen Makhmalbaf (Iranian director, "Kandahar," "The Cyclist") Jafar Panahi (Iranian director, "Crimson Gold," "The Circle") Abbas Kiarostami (Iranian director, "Ten," "A Taste of Cherry") Lyes Salem (Algerian director, actor) Ken Loach (British filmmaker) Laura Poitras (documentary filmmaker, "The Oath") Michael Mann (director, "The Insider") Armando Iannucci (British writer-director “In the Loop,” “The Thick of It”) Paul Greengrass (British director, “Bourne,” “Bloody Sunday”) James Nesbitt (Irish actor) Costa Gavras (Greek-French filmmaker, "Missing") Hogir Hirori (Swedish-Kurdish filmmaker, "Sabaya") Joe Swanberg (filmmaker) Jem Cohen (filmmaker) Maryam Keshavarz (Director, "Circumstance") Albert Maysles (documentarian,"Gimme Shelter," "The Love We Make") Tuan Andrew Nguyen (Vietnamese filmmaker, "The Specter of Ancestors Becoming") Kim Nguyen (director, Oscar-nominated "War Witch") Guests at a “Saudi Film Days” event in November 2016 at Paramount Studios in Hollywood. Michael Moore. Image by Prognosic, Wikimedia Commons. Omar Sharif. Image by Gorup de Besanez, Wikimedia Commons. Mira Nair. Image by ZIFFphoto, Wikimedia Commons. Majid Majidi. Image by Amir Hesaminejad, Wikimedia Commons. Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu. Image at Wikimedia Commons. Paul Greengrass. Image by Dick Thomas Johnson, Wikimedia Commons. Actor-director Giancarlo Esposito signing an autograph for a Saudi Arabian actor on the red carpet at Paramount Pictures Studios in November 2016. Hollywood figures gathered with Saudi filmmakers and actors for the inaugural “Saudi Film Days” event that showcased new movies from Saudi Arabia, written about in the March-April 2017 issue of AramcoWorld magazine. ~ Music ~ Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan (Pakistan qawwali singer) Ravi Shankar (Indian sitarist) (see also here) Ali Akbar Khan (Indian sarodist) Zakir Hussain (tabla player) Ali Farka Toure (Mali) Vieux Farka Toure (Mali) Oumou Sangare (Mali) Boubacar Traore (Mali) Issa Bagayogo (Mali) Habib Koite (Mali) Rokia Traore (Mali) Toumani Diabate (Mail kora player) Youssou N'Dour (Senegal) Baaba Maal (Senegal) Orchestra Baobab (Senegal) Marco Senghor (Senegalese-American DJ and restaurateur) Angelique Kidjo (Benin-U.S.) Alpha Blondy (Ivory Coast) Narcisse "Goude" Sadoua (singer in Ivory Coast group Magic System) Thomas Mapfumo (Zimbabwe) Oliver Mtukudzi (Zimbabwe) Fela Kuti (Nigerian superstar; a feature on the 10th anniversary of his death, for Obit magazine) Soweto Gospel Choir ( South Africa) Khaled (French Algerian) Cheikha Rimitti (Algeria) Rachid Taha (French Algerian) Souad Massi (French Algerian) Tinariwen (Touareg-Mali) Kayhan Kalhor (Iran) Googoosh (Iran) Hassan Hakmoun (Moroccan American) David Harrington (Kronos Quartet violinist) McCoy Tyner (jazz pianist from John Coltrane's quartet) Bela Fleck (banjo player) John Adams (Pulitzer Prize-winning composer) Robert Plant (Led Zeppelin) Ray Manzarek (keyboardist of The Doors; interviewed for "Al' America," and on-stage at an event sponsored by the California Institute of Integral Studies) Paul Simon (review of documentary about him for KQED) Paul McCartney (review of documentary about him for KQED) G.E. Smith (guitarist, former “Saturday Night Live” bandleader; interviewed for “Al’ America”) Dick Dale (singer-guitarist, best known for “Miserlou,” which anchored Quentin Tarantino’s “Pulp Fiction”; interviewed for “Al’ America”) Wanda Jackson (rock singer who performed with Elvis Presley in the 1950s) Gillian Welch (Nashville singer) Warren Hellman (founder of Hardly Strictly Bluegrass Festival) Jerry Martini (saxophonist, co-founder of Sly and The Family Stone) Marcel Khalife (Lebanese oudist, composer) Kazem al-Sahir (Iraqi singer) Ustad Farida Mahwash (Afghan singer) Joshua Nelson (“Kosher Gospel” singer) Chava Alberstein (Israeli singer) Daniel Barenboim (international conductor) Peter Sellars (theater/music director) George Crumb (Pulitzer Prize-winning composer) Herb Alpert (trumpeter; group interview with UCLA students) Inbar Bakal (Israeli singer; written for GlobalPost) Natacha Atlas (Egyptian-British singer) Bill T. Jones (choreographer/dancer/creator of Broadway show "Fela!" about Nigerian Afrobeat pioneer Fela Kuti) Sellassie (San Francisco rapper) Kiran Ahluwalia (Indian-Canadian singer) Randy Weston (jazz pianist) Pharoah Sanders (jazz saxophonist) Meklit Hadero (singer) Cheb i Sabbah (DJ, producer) Rami Khalife (Lebanese-French pianist-composer) Emel Mathlouthi (Arab Spring singer from Tunisia; 2016 interview-profile) Emel Mathlouthi (Arab Spring singer from Tunisia; 2012 interview-profile) Natacha Atlas. Image by Gergely Csatari, Wikimedia Commons Ray Manzarek (lower right). Image on Wikimedia Commons. Robert Plant. Image by Ella Mullins, Wikimedia Commons. Tinariwen. Image by Manfred Werner – Tsui, Wikimedia Commons. Baaba Maal. Image by Skoll World Forum, Wikimedia Commons. Ravi Shankar. Image by Alephalpha, Wikimedia Commons Ali Farka Toure. Image by Tagles, Wikimedia Commons. ~ Art ~ El Anatsui (African sculptor) Sophie Calle (French photographer) Young-Hae Chang Heavy Industries (Seoul-based web group) Julian Schnabel (painter-sculptor-filmmaker) Bill Fontana (sound artist) Carlos Villa (artist and educator) Alice Neel (painter) Anoka Faruqee (painter) Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller (Leonard Cohen "Poetry Machine" organ) Trevor Paglen (government surveillance artist) Robert Rauschenberg (painter-sculptor-collagist) Deborah Roberts (collagist) Lonnie Holley (outsider artist from the American south) Roz Chast (New Yorker cartoonist) William T. Wiley (multimedia artist; first interview with him) William T. Wiley (second interview, when he had Parkinson's and two years before his death) Lee Friedlander (photographer) Mika Rottenberg (video artist, "Tropical Breeze," "Mary's Cherries") Eileen David (painter) Greg Gossel (collagist) Teo Gonzalez (painter) Danae Anderson (painter) Jennifer Karady (photographer) Christopher Sims (photographer) Lawrence Ferlinghetti (poet and painter) David Buckingham (word sculptor) Andy Diaz Hope (sculptor) Katherine Sherwood (abstract painter) Miguel Farias and Allison Reilly (photographers) Judy Pfaff (mixed-media artist) Augustine Kofie (mixed-media artist) Henri Cartier-Bresson (photographer) Takeshi Shikama (photographer) Fritz Liedtke (photographer) Max Cole (painter) Alexis Manheim (painter) Steven Albert (painter) Koki Tanaka (video artist) Dan Witz (street artist) Pablo Picasso Gertrude Stein Leonardo Drew review (sculptor) Leonardo Drew interview Romare Bearden (collagist, painter) Faith Ringgold (multimedia artist) Richard Learoyd (photographer) Sandow Birk ("American Qur'an" illustrator) David Maisel (photographer; first interview) David Maisel (second interview) Martin Wong ("Human Instamatic" artist) Eddie Colla (street artist) Jeremy Novy (street artist) Marco Breuer (abstract photographer) Hassan Elahi (self-surveillance artist) Blek le Rat (French street artist) Charles Gatewood (photographer of Bob Dylan, underground scenes) Taha Belal (Egyptian artist) Michael Dweck (photographer, ï½¡ï½°Habana Libre") Mark Bradford (collage artist) Susan Burnstine (photographer) Stephen De Staebler (sculptor) Jean Paul Gaultier (fashion designer) Richard Serra (sculptor and painter) Cindy Sherman (photographer) Mary Ellen Mark (photographer, best known for "Indian Circus") Camille Seaman (photographer who specializes in Arctic and Antarctic icebergs) Apex (street artist) Wayne Thiebaud (painter) Jay DeFeo (painter) Lee Miller (photographer who worked with Man Ray) Mark Ulriksen (New Yorker magazine artist) Camille Seaman (photographer) Eleanor Coppola (visual artist, matriarch of Coppola family) Gordon Parks (photographer) Peter Max (1960s poster artist) Chuck Close (grid painter) Carrie Mae Weems (MacArthur Grant winner for photography and other work) Sana Mazinani (Iranian-American artist) Robbie Conal (street artist) Katy Grannan (photographer) Zanele Muholi (South African photographer) Zio Ziegler (street artist) Jim Campbell (LED artist) Seward Johnson (sculptor) Nina Katchadourian (self-portrait artist) Second Nina Katchadourian piece Margaret Keane ("Big Eyes" painter) Wayne White ("word painter" and former set designer for Pee-wee's Playhouse) Ai Weiwei (a review of his Alcatraz exhibit) Keith Haring (a review of a major posthumous retrospective in San Francisco) Lalla Essaydi (U.S.-Moroccan photographer) Neil Gaiman (British graphic novelist/screenwriter) Diane Arbus (photographer) Alice Neel (painter; review of her major retrospective) Sohei Nishino (Japanese photographer-map maker) Tomás Saraceno (Argentine sculptor) Lynn Hershman Leeson (pioneering feminist artist) McArthur Binion (African-American grid painter) Manuel Neri (member of the Bay Area Figurative Movement) Bruce Conner (influential artist in many genres, including the music video) Annie Leibovitz (seminal photographer, in an appearance she made with Gloria Steinem) Alex Katz (New York painter) René Magritte (Surrealist painter) John Chiara (photographer) Fran Lebowitz (writer; interviewed for review of exhibit on photographer Peter Hujar) Susan Meiselas (war photographer) John Akomfrah (British artist, filmmaker) Andy Warhol (review of retrospective "Andy Warhol – From A to B and Back Again”) Hans Hofmann (abstract painter) JR (French artist) Mildred Howard (Oakland artist) Chris Dorley-Brown (British photographer) Raymond Saunders (mixed-media artist) Nam June Paik (media artist) Wangechi Mutu (Kenyan-American artist) Isaac Julien (British multimedia artist) David Park (painter) Joan Mitchell (abstract painter) Judy Chicago (groundbreaking feminist artist, "The Dinner Party") Martin Wang (Chinese-Latino painter) Emily Jacir (Palestinian-American visual artist) Ajlan Gharem (Saudi photographer-sculptor) El Anatsui artwork, “Man’s Cloth.” Image by Hahnchen, Wikimedia Commons. Wayne Thiebaud artwork, “Cakes.” Image by Pplachigo, Wikimedia Commons. Richard Serra artwork, “View Point.” Image on Wikimedia Commons Chuck Close artwork, “Subway Portraits” series. Image by Metropolitan Transportation Authority of the State of New York, Ai Weiwei artwork, “Cube Light.” Image by Pittigrilli, Wikimedia Commons. Other Articles Of Note A panoramic view of Le Puy-en-Velay, a hilltop town in France. Photo from Wikimedia Commons. An essay that revisits research done on Islamic architecture and its influence on a major cathedral in Le Puy, France A report from the Sahara Desert, near Timbuktu, Mali, on the Festival in the Desert Article from Tehran about Iran's biggest film festival From Iran, a reported essay on the city of Tehran Feature on touring exhibit of Afghan treasures that were saved from warfare News feature on the “Little Kabul” community of Afghan Americans – published in March of 2001, it was one of the first U.S. articles to profile this Afghan community Article on the United Nations, timed to its 60th anniversary Analysis of U.N. report that said Darfur violence wasn't genocide Analysis of Rwandan president’s role in his country’s genocide Essay on the importance of Somalia Essay from 2002 on how dictators like Saddam Hussein can be removed from power by forcing them into exile Book review of works on journalist Daniel Pearl Celebrities who advocate social causes Feature on how the U.S. government kept tabs on John Lennon, Pete Seeger, Lenny Bruce and other celebrity activists Story, headlined “The Last Days of Privacy,” on increased tracking of people’s information Review of SFMOMA exhibit, "Exposed: Voyeurism, Surveillance, and the Camera Since 1870" Interview with dance choreographer Bill T. Jones about his play "Fela!" Interview with dance choreographer Alonzo King Article on Hurricane Katrina and complaints that the government's response was racist Analysis on how George Bush’s response to Katrina sank his presidency Profile of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il Profile of Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah Story about Iraqi bloggers risking their lives to get their views across How war images from Iraq compare to those from Vietnam Article on U.S. prison, “enemy combatants,” at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba Article on "Made in Palestine" art exhibit Feature on photo exhibit of Arab women Feature story on “Arab Labor,” Israeli TV series Article on Al Jazeera's new English-language network Feature on Omar ibn Said, a U.S. slave from the 19th century, who wrote his autobiography in Arabic Opinion piece on the future of newspapers, translated into Dutch, for the Amsterdam daily Trouw Story on newspapers' increasing reliance on celebrity coverage and the like Story on U.S. veterans of Iraq War who became homeless Examination of San Francisco's homeless problem, which entailed spending the night in a homeless shelter An essay that considers the music of John and Alice Coltrane A music posting that considers the 50-year legacy of John Coltrane's A Love Supreme Essay on "musical repeatism" - or the value of listening to the same song over and over again Essay on how to listen to songs in a language you don't understand Cover story in SF Weekly on the 50th anniversary of the Black Panthers Party, featuring exclusive interviews with Black Panthers Party members United Nations’ General Assembly meeting. Photo by Commons:RIA Novosti, on Wikimedia Commons. Hassan Nasrallah (left) and Iranian Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Image on Wikimedia Commons. John Coltrane. Image on Wikimedia Commons.